This course provides an overview of the operations and functions of geographic information systems [GIS]. Students develop a fundamental understanding of geographic information management and analysis methods. Emphasis is placed on the nature of geographic information, working with spatial data, and elementary geospatial analysis and modeling techniques. Students learn effective operation of GIS software and gain exposure to GIS tools that support these emphasis areas. Extensive independent learning and computer experiences include online laboratory sessions, alongside optional online or in-person weekly help sessions.